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Tramadol

Tramadol

Where is Tramadol used?

Tramadol is an FDA-approved opioid analgesic medication that lessens pain in people by stopping messages from nerves to the brain.

This medication works in the brain the same way as morphine and enhances the action of certain brain chemicals to change how your body feels and responds to pain.

How does Tramadol work?

Tramadol works by imitating the natural endorphins by linking with the same opioid receptors in the brain and spinal cord. This stops the spread of pain signals led by the nerves to the brain. Even though it causes the pain to stay, less pain is being sensed.

This medication also works on the activity of certain neurotransmitters in the spinal cord and brain. Neurotransmitters are chemical compounds that function as messengers among the nerve cells. Tramadol improves the effect of serotonin and noradrenaline. Consequently, it helps relieve pain.  

How is Tramadol taken?

Pain medicines work best if they are taken at the first sign of pain. Take this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor to lower the risk of addiction. Follow the instructions of your doctor about how to use this medicine.

The dosage may vary but you should not take more than 400 mg per day. Swallow each medicine as a whole with a glass of water. Each dose of Tramadol may be taken with or without food. This medicine does not commonly cause an upset stomach.

Your dosage will depend on how bad your pain is if you get any side effects, and how you’ve responded to previous painkillers.

What are the possible side effects of Tramadol?

Commonly reported side effects of this medicine include:

  • Dizziness
  • Constipation
  • Nausea
  • Indigestion
  • Vomiting
  • Drowsiness
  • Headache

Less commonly reported side effects to include:

  • Rash
  • Diarrhea
  • Dry mouth
  • Sweating
  • Itching
  • Vertigo
  • Visual disturbances

What are the precautions in taking Tramadol?

You should not take this medication if you are allergic to it or if you have:

  • A stomach or bowel obstruction
  • Severe asthma or breathing problems
  • If you have recently used alcohol, tranquilizers, sedatives, or narcotic medications
  • If you have taken an MAO inhibitor earlier than 14 days such as Linezolid, Isocarboxazid, Phenelzine, Rasagiline, Selegiline, Tranylcypromine, or Methylene blue injection,

Tell your doctor if you have ever had:

  • Urination problems
  • Breathing problems
  • Kidney or liver disease
  • Sleep apnea
  • Problems with your gallbladder, pancreas, or thyroid
  • Mental illness or suicide attempt
  • A stomach disorder

Seizures have happened in several people taking this medication. Your seizure risk may be higher if you have ever had:

  • Epilepsy or other seizure disorder
  • Head injury
  • A metabolic disorder
  • Drug or alcohol addiction

Pregnant and breastfeeding women:

  • If you use Tramadol while you are pregnant, your baby may be dependent on the drug. This may cause life-threatening withdrawal symptoms in the baby after it is born. Babies born reliant on a habit-forming drug may require medical treatment for several weeks.
  • Before using this medication, ask a doctor first if you are breastfeeding. Let your doctor know if you notice slow breathing or severe drowsiness in the nursing baby.