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Tinzaparin Sodium

Where is Tinzaparin Sodium used?

Tinzaparin Sodium is known as a blood thinner or anticoagulant used for the treatment of certain blood clots such as deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. This may also be used to prevent the formation of blood clots in people who had surgery and prevent blood from clotting when it is filtered through an artificial kidney machine. Wherein, it is part of the management of kidney failure. 

How does Tinzaparin Sodium work?

Tinzaparin is a type of medication known as low molecular weight heparin. It is used to stop blood clots from developing within the blood vessels. Blood clots typically form to prevent bleeding that has happened as a result of injury to the tissues. The clotting course is difficult. It starts when platelets clump together and create chemicals that trigger the clotting process. The ultimate part of this procedure involves a substance called thrombin being activated to produce a protein called fibrin. Fibrin forms a blood clot by binding the platelets together. This is the body’s natural way of repairing itself. Several people have an increased risk for blood clots to form within the blood vessels. This is common because of a disturbance in the blood flow within the blood vessels. Tinzaparin works by deactivating thrombin in the clotting process. This stops the development of fibrin which is a vital component of blood clots.

How to use Tinzaparin Sodium?

This medication is to be injected under the skin of the stomach or abdomen usually once a day. Do not inject into a muscle. The dosage is based on your medical condition and response to the treatment.

Check this product visually for discoloration or particles before using it. Before injecting, clean the injection site using rubbing alcohol. Each time you inject, change the injection site to lessen the injury under the skin. Do not rub the injection site after a shot to minimize bruising. Let your doctor know if your condition does not improve or if it gets worse. 

What are the possible side effects of Tinzaparin Sodium?

Common side effects:

  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Stomach pain
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Back pain
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Injection site reactions (pain, bruising, redness,  irritation, or swelling)

What are the precautions in using Tinzaparin Sodium?

  • Your doctor may also want to monitor the level of potassium in your blood while you are having this medicine, particularly if the treatment lasts for longer than seven days.
  • If you are having this medicine for longer than four days you should have a regular blood test. 
  • You should tell your doctor if you experience signs of a potential problem which include weakness, tingling, or numbness in your lower legs, back pain, or problems in going to the toilet. People who are having this medicine to treat a blood clot should not be given spinal or epidural anesthesia.
  • This medication must be used carefully in people with decreased liver function, an increased risk of bleeding complications, an increase in the acidity of the blood, decreased kidney function, and diabetes.
  • This is not recommended in people with a low number of platelets in the blood, with an increased risk of serious bleeding, recent brain hemorrhage, and recent injury or surgery to the brain or spinal cord, ears, or eyes. 
  • If you are a pregnant or breastfeeding woman, consult your doctor first before using this drug.