Enalapril Maleate is used for the treatment of hypertension and heart failure. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has already approved this prescription. Enalapril Maleate is a type of medicine called ACE inhibitors.
Hypertension is a long-term force of the blood against your artery walls that are high enough. It may eventually cause health problems, such as heart disease. Blood pressure is determined both by the amount of blood your heart pumps and the amount of resistance to blood flow in your arteries. The more blood your heart pumps and the narrower your arteries, the higher your blood pressure.
You can have high blood pressure or hypertension for years without any symptoms. Even without symptoms, damage to blood vessels and your heart continues and can be detected. Uncontrolled high blood pressure increases your risk of serious health problems. High blood pressure generally develops over many years, and it affects nearly everyone eventually. Fortunately, high blood pressure can be easily detected. And once you know you have high blood pressure, you can work with your doctor to control it. Most people with high blood pressure have no signs or symptoms, even if blood pressure readings reach dangerously high levels. Several people with high blood pressure may have shortness of breath, headaches, and nosebleeds. But, these signs and symptoms aren’t specific and usually don’t occur until high blood pressure has reached a severe or life-threatening stage.
Heart failure happens when your heart muscle doesn’t pump blood as well as it should. Certain conditions will leave your heart too weak or stiff to fill and pump efficiently. Heart failure can be ongoing or your condition may start suddenly. The signs and symptoms may include:
⦁ Fatigue and weakness
⦁ Shortness of breath when you exert yourself or when you lie down
⦁ Rapid or irregular heartbeat
⦁ Swelling in your legs, ankles, and feet
⦁ Persistent cough or wheezing with white or pink blood-tinged phlegm
⦁ Reduced ability to exercise
⦁ Swelling of your abdomen
⦁ Increased need to urinate at night
⦁ Very rapid weight gain from fluid retention
⦁ Difficulty concentrating or decreased alertness
⦁ Lack of appetite
⦁ Sudden and severe shortness of breath or coughing up pink foamy mucus
⦁ Chest pain if your heart failure is caused by a heart attack
Heart failure often develops after other conditions have damaged or weakened your heart. However, the heart doesn’t need to be weakened to cause heart failure. It can also occur if the heart becomes too stiff. This condition can involve the left side (left ventricle), right side (right ventricle), or both sides of your heart. Generally, heart failure begins with the left side, specifically the left ventricle which is your heart’s main pumping chamber.
How does Enalapril Maleate work?
Enalapril Maleate works by blocking the action of a compound in the body called angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE). Usually, ACE produces another compound called angiotensin II as part of the body’s natural control of blood pressure. Angiotensin II causes blood vessels to constrict and narrow which increases the pressure inside the blood vessels.
As this drug blocks the action of ACE, it reduces the production of angiotensin II. This means that the blood vessels are allowed to relax and widen. The overall effect of this is a drop in blood pressure, hence Enalapril Maleate can be used to lower high blood pressure.
The reduced pressure within the blood vessels means that the heart doesn’t have to work as hard to pump the blood around the body. This means that ACE inhibitors can also be used to improve the symptoms of heart failure, where the heart is not pumping as efficiently as it should be.
How to use Enalapril Maleate?
Take this medication by mouth usually once or twice daily as directed by your doctor. Each dose may be taken with or without food. The dosage is based on your medical condition and response to treatment. For children, the dosage is also based on weight.
Use this medication regularly to get the most benefit from it. To help you remember, take it at the same time each day. It is important to continue taking this medication even if you feel well.
For the treatment of hypertension, it may take several weeks before you get the full benefit of this medication. For the treatment of heart failure, it may take weeks to months before you get the full benefit of this medication. Tell your doctor if your condition gets worse.
What are the side effects of Enalapril Maleate?
Common side effects:
⦁ Weakness as your body adjusts to the medication.
Tell your doctor if you have unlikely but serious side effects including:
⦁ Loss of taste sensation
⦁ Loss of appetite
⦁ Sleep problems or insomnia
⦁ Dry mouth
⦁ Dry cough
⦁ Skin itching or rash
⦁ Changes in the amount of urine,
⦁ Swelling, rapid weight gain
⦁ Increased thirst
⦁ Loss of appetite
⦁ Pale skin, easy bruising, or bleeding
⦁ Pounding heartbeats or fluttering in your chest
⦁ Chest pain
⦁ Fast or uneven heartbeats
⦁ Yellowing of the skin or eyes
⦁ Signs of infection (such as fever, chills, persistent sore throat, body aches, flu symptoms),
⦁ Symptoms of a high potassium blood level (such as muscle weakness, slow/irregular heartbeat, weak pulse, tingly feeling),
Warnings and Precautions
⦁ Tell your doctor if you have any medications including vitamins or herbal supplements.
⦁ Do not share this medication with others even if they have the same symptoms as yours.
⦁ If you are planning to become pregnant, pregnant, or breastfeeding, call your doctor right away for consent on taking this medication.
⦁ Drive, operate machinery, or do activities carefully especially if you do not know yet how this drug affects you.
⦁ This should not be used if you are allergic to any of its ingredients. Inform your doctor if you previously experienced such an allergy. If you feel experienced an allergic reaction, stop using the medicine and let your doctor know right away.