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Cytovene-IV (Ganciclovir Sodium)

General Information

Cytovene-IV (Ganciclovir Sodium) is indicated to prevent cytomegalovirus (CMV). It is a disease that is caused by a virus. It usually occurs in people who have received organ or one marrow transplants. CMV may lead to a serious infection in the body. It includes infection in the eye called CMV retinitis that can cause blindness.

This medication may also be used to treat those with weakened immune systems who have CMV retinitis. It includes people with AIDS.

How does Cytovene-IV (Ganciclovir Sodium) work?

Cytovene-IV (Ganciclovir Sodium) works by slowing the development of the CMV virus. It helps control the disease and lessens the risk of blindness. It also helps prevent the spread of infection to other parts of the body.

Why use Cytovene-IV (Ganciclovir Sodium)?

Cytovene-IV (Ganciclovir Sodium) is a synthetic guanine derivative that is effective against CMV. It belongs to the class of medications called antivirals.

This medication contains Ganciclovir Sodium as an active ingredient. It is used for intravenous injection. Each vial has Ganciclovir Sodium equivalent to 500 mg. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has already approved this medication.

How to use Cytovene-IV (Ganciclovir Sodium)?

The recommended initial dose for this medication is 5 mg/kg. It is given every 12 hours for 7 to 14 days. It is to be given intravenously at a constant rate over an hour.

Do not give this medication any faster than any prescribed. By doing so, it will increase the risk of side effects. Drink plenty of fluids while taking this medication. Continue taking the drug exactly as it is prescribed. Do not skip any doses or stop using this even for a short time. Skipping or stopping it without the consent of your doctor may make the infection worse.

What are the side-effects of Cytovene-IV (Ganciclovir Sodium)?

  • Upset stomach
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Decreased appetite
  • Unsteadiness
  • Drowsiness
  • Increased sweating
  • Itching
  • Shaking or tremors
  • Injection site reactions such as redness, pain, or irritation

Warnings and Precautions

  • Before taking this medication, tell your doctor if you have any medical history. Tell also if you have any allergies or if you are taking other medications.
  • Wear gloves when you handle this drug. Avoid direct contact with the liquid and avoid getting it into your skin.
  • Call for medical help if there are signs of an allergic reaction.
  • Keep this at a dry and clean place away from heat and moisture.