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Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)

Chronic kidney disease is a condition of loss kidney function. It is due to its overtime function. Your kidneys eliminate waste and excess fluid from your blood. If chronic kidney disease has reached an advanced stage, serious levels of fluid and wastes can build up in your body.

Types of kidney disease

Causes of chronic kidney disease

  • Diabetic kidney disease
  • High blood pressure
  • Vascular disease
  • Glomerular (primary or secondary)
  • Cystic kidney disease
  • Tubulointerstitial disease
  • Urinary tract obstruction or dysfunction
  • Recurrent kidney stone disease
  • Heavy metal poisoning


The signs and symptoms will depend on the affected part of your kidney. The following are symptoms that may give you a clue that you have this disease:

  • Nausea
  • Appetite loss
  • Sleep problems
  • Vomiting
  • Muscles twitches
  • Muscle cramps
  • Persistent itching
  • Decreased mental sharpness
  • Fatigue weakness
  • Hypertension
  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Changes how much you urinate

Stages of Chronic kidney disease

Diabetes is a common disease of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Living a healthy lifestyle will prevent you to have high blood pressure. Diabetes and kidney disease or help them keep in control. The following tips will help to lower your risk for kidney disease. Some factors/problems that caused it:

  • Quit using tobacco
  • Have regular check-ups with your doctor
  • Follow a low-salt, low-fat diet
  • Exercise for at least 30 minutes on most days of the week
  • Limit the use of alcohol

Diagnosis of Chronic kidney disease

  • Urine Tests – its a process of analyzing a sample of your urine. It may reveal some issues that may lead to chronic kidney disease (CKD). It may also help identify the cause of chronic kidney disease.
  • Imaging Tests – Your doctor may use ultrasound. It is to assest your kidneys’ structure and size.
  • Blood Tests – Kidney function tests look for the level of waste products. It includes creatinine and urea, in your blood.
  • Removing a sample of a kidney for testing – Kidney biopsy is often done with local anesthesia. it is by using a long, thin needle. It is inserted through your skin and into your kidney.


  • Captopril (Capoten)
  • Enalapril (Vasotec)
  • Fosinopril (Monopril)
  • Lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril)
  • Ramipril (Altace)


  • Make healthy food choices
  • Aim for a healthy weight
  • Stop smoking
  • Get enough sleep
  • Make physical activity part of your routine
  • Manage diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease
  • Ask your health care provider questions