Linagliptin is used to control high blood sugar. Proper control of this condition may also lessen your risk of stroke or heart attack. This medication is used with a proper diet and exercise program and possibly with other medications of diabetes.
Controlling high blood sugar helps prevent:
- Loss of limbs
- Sexual function problems
- Nerve problems
- Kidney damage
How does Linagliptin work?
Linagliptin works by increasing the levels of a natural substance called incretins. Incretins helps to control blood sugar by increasing insulin release, especially after a meal.
The two incretin hormones are called glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP). These have two main actions that help control blood sugar.
- They stimulate the pancreas to produce insulin in response to increasing levels of glucose in the blood.
- They lessen the production of glucagon (a hormone that usually increases sugar production by the liver).
Why use Linagliptin?
Linagliptin is a type of medication called dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor. This increases the levels of the hormones in the body and increases the effect to control blood sugar. This prescription is approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Linagliptin is supplied as tablets for oral use. Each tablet has the strengths of 1 mg, 2.5 mg, 5 mg, and 10 mg.
How to use Linagliptin?
This medicine is to be taken by mouth usually once a day. Swallow the tablet as a whole with a full glass of water. You may take each dose with or without a meal. Do not miss doses to gain the most benefit from this medicine. Remember to take it at the same time every day. The dosage is based on your medical condition and response to the drug. It is important that you take Linagliptin exactly as it is prescribed.
What are the side effects of Linagliptin?
- Runny or stuffy nose
- Sore throat
- Weight gain
- Joint or muscle pain
- Back pain
- Loss of appetite
- Low blood sugar
Warnings and Precautions
- While taking this medication, check your blood sugar levels regularly.
- Avoid drinking alcohol while having this treatment.
- Tell your doctor if you have type I diabetes or acidic blood problem.
- Inform your doctor if you have any medical history or current medications.
- Do not drive if your blood sugar has been low. There is a greater chance of you having an accident.
- If there are any signs of an allergic reaction, call for medical assistance right away.