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Atomoxetine

Atomoxetine

Where is Atomoxetine used?

Atomoxetine is used for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD). This is a type of medicine called a selective noradrenaline re-uptake inhibitor. The medicine helps increase the ability to pay attention, stay focused, concentrate, and stop fidgeting. This is an FDA-approved medication that is recommended for use in children aged 6 years and over, adolescents, and adults.

How does Atomoxetine work?

Atomoxetine increases the levels of a natural chemical called noradrenaline. The natural chemical is involved in passing messages between brain cells. Noradrenaline is considered to play a significant role in regulating impulsiveness, attention, and activity levels. There is no exact explanation of how it raises the levels of noradrenaline in the brain which helps with the condition. However, the medication has been shown to help control the symptoms of ADHD. Atomoxetine may improve behavior, self-esteem, and family functioning. 

How is Atomoxetine taken?

Atomoxetine is to be taken by mouth usually 1 to 2 times a day or as directed by your doctor. The first dose is usually taken when you wake up in the morning. The second is usually in the early evening or the late afternoon. The dosage is based on your medical condition and response to the treatment. Take Atomoxetine exactly as it is prescribed by your doctor. Do not increase your dose or take this drug more often than directed.

Your doctor will probably start you on a lower dose of Atomoxetine and increase it after at least 3 days. Your doctor may increase your dose again after 2to 4 weeks. You may notice an improvement in your symptoms during the first week of your treatment, but it may take up until a month for you to feel the full benefit of Atomoxetine. If you missed a dose, call your doctor right away for instructions. Do not double the dose to make up for the missed dose.

What are the possible side effects of Atomoxetine?

  • Dry mouth
  • Decreased appetite
  • Cough
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Upset stomach 
  • Drowsiness
  • Dizziness
  • Constipation

What are the precautions in taking Atomoxetine?

  • Inform your doctor if you are taking any other medications including vitamins, herbal, or food supplements. 
  • Let your doctor know if you have an allergic reaction to Atomoxetine before or if you have any allergies. This drug may have any ingredient that causes an allergic reaction. 
  • If you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or breastfeeding women talk with your doctor first before taking Atomoxetine. This drug might affect the development of an unborn baby and this may not be suitable for breast milk. 
  • Inform your doctor if anyone in your family has an irregular heartbeat. Tell as well if you have recently had a heart attack and if you ever had a heart defect. Your doctor will examine you to see if your heart and blood vessels are healthy. 
  • Atomoxetine should not be used by children under 6 years old, people with closed-angle glaucoma, a severe disorder that affects the blood vessels in the brain, or severe disorder affecting the heart. 
  • This drug should be used with caution in people with decreased liver function, those with kidney failure, an abnormality in the structure of the heart, or high blood pressure.